Leather Care

Wall of cowboy boots in a country western store

When should I use Bick 1 Leather Cleaner?

When dirt gets into leather its abrasive quality damages and weakens the leather fibers. As a result the leather loses its strength. When you clean your item and remove the dirt it allows the fibers to flex freely. We also recommend cleaning periodically to open up the pores of leather to allow it to breathe. Always follow up with Bick 4 after cleaning. Gard-More may be used if waterproofing is desired.


Can I use Bick 1 on my suede/distressed/nubuck/exotic skin item?

No. Bick 1 should only be used on smooth, polished leathers.


How do I apply Bick 1?

Use a clean, lint free cloth and pour a quarter sized amount of Bick 1 onto the cloth. Rub into the leather and wipe off.


How often should I use Bick 1?

Whenever your leather is dirty or stained, or when the stitching around the soles of your boots needs cleaning.


Will Bick 1 discolor my leather or leave a residue?
No, but we always recommend testing a small, inconspicuous spot before cleaning the whole item. Do not get Bick 1 on the heels of boots, as it may cause bleeding into the leather.

What are the ingredients in Bick 4 Leather Conditioner?

Bick 4 Leather Conditioner, like all of Bickmore’s products, are protected by trade secret laws. While we unfortunately cannot provide an exact list of ingredients, we can tell you that Bick 4 is a proprietary blend of natural emulsifiers, conditioners, and moisturizers.


How often should I use Bick 4 Leather Conditioner?

New leather items should be pretreated with Bick 4 Leather Conditioner and periodically thereafter depending on use. There is no set rule on how often to use Bick 4 because there are so many variations in leathers, use, and the type of weather and stress the leather experiences. The best indicator is the look and feel of the leather. If it feels dry or looks dirty, it needs to be cleaned and conditioned. We generally recommend applying Bick 4 once a week if the item is used every day.


How do I apply Bick 4 Leather Conditioner?

Use a clean, lint free cloth. Pour a quarter size amount on the cloth and massage it into the leather. Make sure to treat the entire surface, let dry, and buff with a shine cloth if needed. We recommend applying Gard-More to add extra protection after the item is dry and buffed.


Will Bick 4 Leather Conditioner darken leather?

No Bick 4 will not darken your leather, but we do only recommend it for smooth, polished leather. Do not use Bick 4 on distressed, suede, rough out, or nubuck.


What does Bick 4 Leather Conditioner do?

Leather is a natural material and needs to be continually conditioned. It dries out with time and exposure to the elements. By treating leather with Bick 4 Leather Conditioner, you restore the natural oils and lubricate the leather fibers, preventing scuffing, cracking, and staining. Bick 4 also provides a mild weather barrier.


Is it safe to use Bick 4 Leather Conditioner on my couch?

Bick 4 Leather Conditioner is great for your couch.  Just apply, let dry, and take a seat.  We also make a product that is specifically designed for large leather items like couches - Bick 5 Complete Leather Care.  Bick 5 is in a spray bottle so it’s easier to cover large surfaces and has all the benefits of using Bick 4.


I applied Bick 4 to my leather item and now it has white streaks. What did I do wrong?

It sounds like you forgot to buff it out. Sometimes if you use too much product it can dry and cause streaking. It will come out, just buff it out with a cloth, or clean the boot and reapply.


Can I use Bick 4 Leather Conditioner on my exotic leathers and skins?

Yes, Bick 4 is safe for all exotic leathers and skins.  We do recommend testing a small area before covering the entire boot.  We also make a product specifically focused towards exotic leather and skin care - Bickmore Exotic.

How is Bick 5 different than Bick 4?

Bick 5 is a less viscous version of our Bick 4, with a little cleaner added. It’s great for larger applications like couches or saddles. You can even use it in your car, and it’s still safe for your boots.

When should I use Saddle Soap?

Saddle soap can be used whenever a leather item is dirty. It’s best used for things like cleaning the stitching on saddles and boots. Simply rub it on with a toothbrush and buff it out.

How should Gard-More be applied?

Apply two to three light coats to any new or untreated item. Gard-More needs to be reapplied periodically thereafter depending on the use and conditions the item is subjected. For items that are periodically worn, apply every few months. For items that are frequently used, apply it every two weeks. If the item has been subjected to heavy rain, allow the item to dry before applying several light coats.


Does Gard-more contain silicone?

Here at  Bickmore, we believe that silicone impairs leathers’ natural ability to breathe and you can feel safe about using our products on your leather.


What can I treat with Gard-More?

Gard-more can be used on any smooth leather, suede, nubuck, exotic skins, hats, and fabrics. It is ideal on all exotic leathers like alligator, crocodile, ostrich, lizard, all types of snake skin etc.  It can also be used on fabric and fur felt blend western hats to increase water and stain repellency. We do not recommend it for distressed leathers as they are often pretreated by the manufacturer and we do not know what chemical reaction may occur. If you know your item has been weather pretreated by any item other than Bickmore products, do not use Gard- More.


How often should Gard-More be applied?

It depends on the use and conditions your boots are subject to.  At a minimum, apply every 2-3 months.  For frequently used items, apply every two weeks.

Equine Care

red piebald horse run on the field

What is Gall Salve and what is it used for?

Gall Salve is the preferred treatment for any wound, cut, sore, or scrape a horse may get.  As a multi-purpose, topical antiseptic ointment, it has a unique combination of emollients (to soften, soothe, and lubricate damaged skin), astringents (to protect and close skin surfaces), and antiseptics (to aid in healing bacterial and fungal infections).


What makes Bickmore Gall Salve better than other brands?

Our unique formula will not rub or sweat off, thereby providing around-the-clock healing. This special combination of ingredients enables our Gall Salve to be a safe and effective healing agent, even while the horse is at work. Our product has stood the test of time for over 120 years! We invite you to read more about the success of our product on our history page.


I read that you can use Gall Salve for eczema and other human uses, is this true?

We make Gall Salve for equine use only. We do not recommend nor endorse any kind of human use.

What is Pine Tar and what is it used for?

Pine Tar is a natural topical antiseptic that combats fungicidal and bacterial infections. It is used to help retain hoof moisture. It also aids in making the hoof elastic, flexible, and promotes the development of new hoof  growth. Used as a hoof pack and dressing, it serves as excellent preventative hoof care. It is effective in the treatment of quarter cracks, split hooves, corns, and hard frogs.


Does Pine Tar contain Creosote?

We cannot guarantee that our Pine Tar is creosote free because creosote is an inherent part of the process of making pine tar. Our pine tar is produced in closed tanks, not kilns and is made from a blended product of a variety of different pines. Our pine tar is veterinary grade and is made to be used on horse’s hooves. We do not recommend our Pine Tar for any type of human use, including soap making.


Can I use Pine Tar to waterproof my wood deck/boat/etc?

We make our pine tar for horse hooves and can’t recommend it for any other use. We are aware of people that have used it for that, but we cannot speak for the results or help with use instructions.



What is Venice Turpentine used for?

Venice Turpentine is used on horses hooves to toughen and dry the sole.  Venice Turpentine should not be applied to the frog, the bulbs of the hoof, to the coronet band or above it.

Hat Care

Cowboy accessories in a stable

How do I use Kahl Hat Stiffener?

Always check for colorfastness in a hidden area before using. Shake well. Cover work area with a cloth. Brush hat to clean surface. ONLY TO BE APPLIED TO THE BOTTOM RIM OF THE HAT.  Spray fine mist over entire area hold bottle 8”-10” from the hat. Allow to dry. Use steam to reshape hat to desired style. ( A pot of boiling water can be used for steaming, hold the hat over the boiling water to use steam to push the product into the fibers.) Repeat above procedure if more body is desired.

Warning: If you do not steam this product into the hat it will sit on top of the fibers and leave a residue that will chip and flake. Steaming is a priority. Do not saturate, instead follow the procedure a few times.


What does Kahl Hat Stiffener do?

Kahl’s restores body and shape to hats. With a combination of Kahl hat stiffener and steam, hats can be molded and reshaped. It will not yellow or flake off. It will not affect future hat cleanings, shaping, or reblocking. For the best results, use Kahl’s Hat Stiffener on hats that were originally stiffened.

What is the difference between Foaming Hat Cleaner and Ultra X?

The foaming hat cleaner lifts dirt and particles from hats, while the ultra x absorbs them.

Still have questions?